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Special Report

June 28, 2017
 

Good Standardization Practice and WP 29 Automotive Standards

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Written by: Admin
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NAS-PSQCA
 

By Engr. Ashfaque Ahmed Ujjan (In charge, Automobile Division: PSQCA)

His main objectives; Formulation & Harmonization & Development of National Standards by conducting Technical Committee & National Standards Committee meetings through consultation of all stake holders on Automobiles & Auto parts / Accessories in Pakistan.

Deputy Director / In charge: Management System Standards Division, Formulation of Pakistan Standards: Harmonization & Development of National Standards by conducting Technical Committee & National Standards Committee Meetings through consultation of all stake holders.

 Assistant Director / In charge Physical Labs. Karachi: Testing of all industrial products e.g. Deformed Steel Bar, Hydraulic Pressure Gauges, Micrometers, Cables, Motorcycle, and Auto – Rickshaw, Gas Cooking Stove, Water Heater, Room Heaters, Oven, Electric Fan, Toaster, Induction Motors, Compact Fluorescent Lamps, Tungsten Bulbs, Tube lights & Ballast. Diesel Engines & Generators, Dry & Lead Acid Batteries, Shaving Razors, Razor Blades, Washing machine motors, Paper & Paper Board Sheets, UPVC Pipes, Corrugated Sheets, Rubber, Hand Gloves used in high tension lines, Car/Motorcycle Number Plates, Sewing Machines etc..

In his presentation Ashfaq Ujjan said that total no. of Standards developed on Auto Vehicles and Auto Parts are 588.

Formulated (137) + Adopted (451) = 588 Standards.

Standards developed on complete vehicles:

1.         PS: 4707  Two Wheeler Auto Vehicle / Motor cycle

2.         PS: 4708  Three Wheeler Auto Vehicle / Auto Rickshaw

3.         PS: 4845   Four Wheeler Auto Vehicle / Car

4.         PS: 789     Agricultural Tractor

5.         PS: 4868   Semi – Trailers, Full Trailers – General Requirements

6.         PS: 4869   Heavy  Commercial Vehicles (H.C.V) – General Requirements

7.         PS: 4870   Light Commercial Vehicles (L.C.V) – General Requirements.

 

TOTAL MANDATORY STANDARDS IN AUTOMOBILE DIVISION

1.         PS: 4707 Two Wheeler Auto Vehicle / Motor cycle

2.         PS: 4708 Three Wheeler Auto Vehicle / Auto Rickshaw

3.         PS: 1806 Internal Combustion Engine

 

Mandatory Standards on Auto Parts:

1.         PS: 4082-1998  Lead Acid Battery (for Motorcycle)

2.         PS: 206/2012     Part-1 Lead Acid Battery (for Motor Car)

3.         PS: PS:ISO:4249-1/2001 Motorcycle Tyres and Rims

4.         PS: ISO: 4209-1   Truck and Bus Tyres and Rims

5.         PS: PS-343/2009 Internal Combustion Lubricant Oil

6.         PS: PS-396/1964 Paints for vehicles

 

PS: 4845-2007(R) Pakistan Standard on Four Wheeler Auto Vehicles (CARS)

The Pakistan Standard on Four Wheeler Auto Vehicles (CARS) is PS: 4845-2007(R) is available in the library of PSQCA.

Standard Formulation: This standard was developed in 2001 after taking assistance from Technical experts of academia, automobile/car manufacturers and utilizing agencies. The Technical Committee on Prime Movers prepared the draft and was endorsed by Mechanical Engineering Divisional Council in 2001.

1st Revision, 2004: In order to keep pace with development in technology and suggestions for improvement received, this standard was revised in 2004. To monitor the Quality and Performance of the vehicle, the Vehicle Testing parameters/clauses were added in Pakistan Standard.

2nd Revision, 2007: This standard was revised again in 2007. After hard discussion and deliberation on the standard clause to clause, the members of Technical Committee incorporated the Vehicle Distribution Standard clauses with mutual consensus of the house in the Standard.

3rd Revision, 2016: Keeping in view the latest developments in Auto Industry and re-structuring of Automobile Engineering Division in PSQCA, this standard is going to be harmonized in accordance with the Auto Policy 2016-2021 to provide better, safe and sound vehicle and also keeping in view the increase in export by making globally acceptable Standard product and a Quality Vehicle (passenger car). This is already adopted by the World Forum and included into United Nations ECE WP 29 Regulations.

 

UN ECE WP.29: World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations offers a framework for globally harmonized vehicles regulations and providing uniform conditions for periodical technical inspections.

These regulations are aimed at:

Improving Vehicle Safety, Protecting the Environment, Promoting Energy Efficiency, Increasing Anti-theft Performance.

 

It administers 3 UN Agreements:

1958 – Adoption of Uniform Technical Prescriptions for Wheeled Vehicles, Equipment and Parts & Conditions for Reciprocal Recognition of Approvals Granted on the Basis of these Prescriptions.

1997- Adoption of Uniform Conditions for Periodical Technical Inspections of Wheeled Vehicles and the Reciprocal Recognition of such inspection.

1998 – Establishing Global Technical Regulations for Wheeled Vehicles, Equipment and Parts.

WP. 29 contracting countries in Asia:

1958 Agreement (51 countries): Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Thailand, and Turkey

1998 Agreement (33 countries): Japan, Korea, Malaysia, China, and India

Note: If Pakistani product is certified by wp-29 and get “e” mark then this product could be sold in any of the member country without any further certification or testing requirement.  (Member Countries = 62 WP.29)

 

PAKISTAN AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY: (PRESENT STATUS)

Pakistan is part of an elite group of 40 Automobile producing countries in the world. Uniquely, a large number of Global brands are being locally produced in all 5 sub-sectors namely Passenger Cars, Light Commercial Vehicles, Motorcycles, Trucks, Buses and Tractors. And still we don’t have the membership of WP 29 and if we become the member of this world wide construction of vehicle forums then we can easily export our products worldwide without any further certification.

 

WHY NECESSARY WP 29 IN PAKISTAN?

  1. To provide safe vehicle to the buyer
  2. To control safety of the vehicle according to world standard
  3. To prevent the buyer of vehicle from buying sub standard vehicle (if local seller sells a vehicle under the umbrella of big name but equipped with sub standard parts made in Vietnamese, Thai, China, Taiwan and India) who is responsible to check the accreditation of these parts and how these are going to be controlled.

 

Participating countries:

  1. The first signatories to the 1958 Agreement include Italy (March 28), Netherlands (March 30), Germany (June 19), France (June 26), Hungary (June 30), Sweden and Belgium.
  2. Originally, the agreement allowed participation of ECE member countries only, but in 1995 the agreement was revised to allow non-ECE members to participate.
  3. Current participants include European Union and its member countries, as well non-EU UNECE members such as Norway, Russia, Ukraine, Croatia, Serbia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Turkey, Azerbaijan and Tunisia, and even remote territories such as South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, South Korea, Thailand and Malaysia.

 

Area of improvement

  1. Harmonization of National Standards with International, Regional and Local Standards.
  2. Strengthening of PSQCA standardization activities.
  3. Closure liaison with International and Regional organizations; ISO/IEC/OIML and SARSO/SMIIC.
  4. Closure liaison with Academia in standardization education.
  5. Promotion for uses of Pakistan Standards as Technical Regulations.
  6. Capacity Building of PSQCA Staff in Twinning Arrangement with ISO.





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